Belarus (Byelorussia)

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New class DP3 diesel multiple units of the Belarusian state railways. Belarusian and Lithuanian state railways run jointly the route Vilnius - Minsk four times a day, two with Lithuanian trains and two with Belarusian trains. The Belarusian trains are these brand new DP3 diesels. They are built by Pesa in Poland. Picture 2.4.2017 in Vilnius by Ilkka Siissalo.

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In older times passenger traffic between Vilnius in Lithuania and Minsk in Belarus took place using traditional Soviet Russian express train coaches. This is a postal wagon of such a train, owned by BCh, Belarus state railways. Picture in Vilnius, Lithuania 15.9.2007 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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This was the whole passenger train of Belarus railways in 2007, here soon ready to leave towards Minsk. Picture in Vilnius, Lithuania 15.9.2007 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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There is frequent and heavy cargo traffic from Belarus right through Latvia and Lithuania to and from the Latvian and Lithuanian Baltic Sea ports. Much of this traffic is run by Belarusian trains. Here a Belarusian state railways old giant of the class 2TE10M is just approaching the Latvian small station of Naujene. On the left an empty Russian crude oil train en route back to Russia via Latvia and Belarus. Picture in Naujene 27.6.2013 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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The 2TE10M giant with its train is coming closer. Picture in Naujene 27.6.2013 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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...and when the machine gets really close the noise is incredible and you start realising how huge these machines are. Picture in Naujene 27.6.2013 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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The 2TE10M was built in the USSR in Luhanskteplovoz and Malyshev factories from 1981 until present in over 2400 copies, but the basic design dates back already to 1958. It is a 2x 6 axle double locomotive with a top speed of 100 km/h and it is used only in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Latvia. Picture in Naujene 27.6.2013 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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Standing by the side when a 2TE10M is running past is an ear deafening experience. Picture in Naujene 27.6.2013 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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...and they also pull some pretty impressive trains, typically with some 45-50 four axle coaches. This one was loaded with coal. Picture in Naujene 27.6.2013 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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Side view of another Belarusian state railways 2TE10, this time the variant 2TE10MK, which has only been built in 20 copies. Picture in Naujene 27.6.2013 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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Yet another Belarusian 2TE10M, this time with an empty coal train with 48 four axle coaches. Picture in Naujene 27.6.2013 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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From this side it's easier to understand how huge the locomotive is. Picture in Naujene 27.6.2013 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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Sometimes it IS a good idea to stop in front of a red light. A Belarusian 2TE10M passing. Picture in Naujene 27.6.2013 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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The station of Orsha in eastern Belarus. Picture 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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Another view of the station of Orsha in eastern Belarus. The two passenger trains on the right both have as their locomotives one half of a double locomotive class 2M62U. Being just a half of a double locomotive, they both have only one driver's cab. It's fairly common in Russia and the other ex-USSR states that double or triple locomotives are split in pieces and used individually or in strange combinations with one another. Picture 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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A closer view of one of the trains seen also in the picture above. The locomotive is one half of a 2M62U. Picture in Orsha 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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The regional/local electric multiple unit ER9T is built by RVR in Riga, Latvia. It is a modification of the very similar ER2, but made for railroads with 25kV AC electric systems. They used to be very common throughout the ex-USSR. ER9T is the newest variant of this type, produced in Riga since 1988. Compare with the ER2 and ER9 trains shown in our picture categories Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Picture in Orsha 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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The Belarus state railways type EP superscript R is a product of the Swiss company Stadler. It is a broad gauge Stadler FLIRT, very similar to the ones used in Finland and Estonia. The four coach train is 75,4 m long, has a top speed of 160 km/h and has 216 seats. Stadler signed their first contract with Belarus railways in 2010. The first order was 10 trains and later BC ordered 6 trains more. Picture in Orsha 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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Inside view of a Belarusian Stadler FLIRT. Picture in Orsha 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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Another inside view of a Belarusian Stadler FLIRT. This shows nicely the low-floor part at the center of the coaches. Picture in Orsha 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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A closeup of a Belarusian FLIRT, class EP superscript R. They are almost identical to the FLIRT trains of Helsinki, Finland. For comparison see our category of Finland. Picture in Orsha 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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The train on the left is a diesel multiple unit of the class DR1B1 or DR1B1m of the depot in the city of Mogilev. They are modernised trains of the class DR1 or DR1P built at RVR in Riga, Latvia. The train on the right is - judging by the different colours typical of Estonia in the past - a former class ER2 trainset from Estonian regional traffic around Tallinn. Estonian railways got rid of all of them when they got new Stadler FLIRT trains to replace them. But since the ER2 is designed for 3000V DC and Belarus is using 25 kV AC, the motor coach at the far end of the train has been replaced by a half of a double diesel 2M62 and this set consists of only the unmotorised coaches of ER2 trains. Picture in Orsha 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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The huge six axle ChS4 superscript T is Belarus' biggest and most effective electric locomotive. They were built by Škoda in Czechoslovakia in 1971-186. The type is used by Russian and Belarusian state railways. Its top speed is 180 km/h, power rating is (only) 5100kW and it can only operate on 25 kV AC.
On the left one of the Stadler FLIRT trains of the class EP superscript R. Picture from Minsk main station 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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A CHS4T is backing to fetch a rake of passenger train coaches at the Minsk main station. Note that one of the lower headlights has been deliberately covered at what is to be the back end of the locomotive. Picture from Minsk main station 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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A CHS4T is backing to fetch a rake of passenger train coaches at the Minsk main station and has now almost reached the rake of coaches. Note that this side of the locomotive is still momentarily the back side, so only one lower headlight is on. Picture from Minsk main station 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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The diesel locomotive type TEP70 superscript K was built by the Kolomna Locomotive Works KTZ in the years 1973 to 2006 (!!). It is a 160 km/h fast passenger train diesel with six axles, 135 tons of mass and a power rating of 2250 kW. The superscript letter K means that the machine has been refurbished by DLRR. The type is in use in Russia as well. Picture from Minsk main station 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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Another view of the diesel locomotive type TEP70 superscript K. Picture from Minsk main station 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.

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The passenger train diesel type TEP60 used to be commonplace throughout the whole former USSR, but nowadays it is really something to see one of them in day to day use. A couple of examples can be seen at railway museums for example in the Baltic states. After the Baltics joined the EU, enthusiastic train photographers travelled to Riga and Kaunas just for the opportunity to photograph this nice looking machine in real use, but even that traffic has now been switched to more modern types.
TEP60 was produced by the Kolomna Locomotive Works at Kolomna, Moscow oblast, Russia. TEP60 was produced 1960-1985 (!) in 1472 copies (!!). In addition to that, 116 of the double locomotive type 2TEP60 were made. Its top speed is 160 km/h, power rating is 2205 kW and weight is 129 tons. It has two V-16 turbodiesel engines. Picture from Minsk main station 18.11.2017 by Markku Salo.
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