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Bulgarian state railways Balgarski darzhavni zheleznitsi, BDŽ class 32 electric multiple unit. These trains were made at RVR in Riga, Latvia. Latvia was then a part of Soviet Union and these are typical Soviet trains. This model is the same as the Soviet Russian class ER25. It is otherwise the same model as ER9 which is used in many ex-USSR countries, except that this export model got a rheostatic brake system. Picture from Sofia in 2003 by Markku Salo.


Bulgarian state railways BDŽ class 33 is also made by RVR in Riga and it is the same train that was in USSR called ER33. This is a further development of the popular ER2/ER9 model of RVR (ER2 is for DC current, ER9 for 25 kV AC). RVR delievered 50 trainsets from 1980 onwards to the Yugoslav railways JŽ and they were called ER31. Then in 1990 Yugoslavia would have wanted to buy nine more trainsets, but as the political tensions between president Tito's Yugoslavia and that time Soviet Union got very tense, only three trains were delivered and the remaining six were sold to Bulgarian railways as their class 33. This is one of those trains. These are fairly similar to the earlier class 32, but it is a simplified and cheaper variant. Serbian railways also have almost similar trains as their class 412 (called in USSR ER 35) but the Serbian variant has stronger motors. Those are now to be found in Macedonia. For pictures, see our Macedonia section of this archive. Picture from Sofia in 2003 by Markku Salo.


Bulgarian state railways class 45 locomotive leading an express passenger train into Sofia station. The class 45 was built by Škoda Works in what then was Czechoslovakia. Classes 43, 44 and 45 are otherwise the same machine, but 45 is re-geared to be slower and more powerful and it is intended for use in cargo trains. 43 is the basic model, 44 has in addition electrodynamic brakes and is intended for fast passenger trains and 45 is the slower but stronger cargo model. Picture from Sofia in 2003 by Markku Salo.


Bulgarian state railways class 44 locomotive leading a cargo train. In this picture and the picture above, the locomotives are "the wrong way round": a passenger train locomotive is hauling a cargo train and the other way round :-) Picture from Sofia in 2003 by Markku Salo.


Bulgarian state railways class 52 is from former East Germany: This is the same machine which in former DDR's state railways DR was called their Baureihe V60. It's a diesel shunter machine. They were built by LKM Babelsberg and LEW Hennigsdorf 1962 to 1982. Its top speed is 30 km/h when in shunter mode and 60 km/h when in line service mode. Some of these machines are still in use in Germany. Picture from Sofia in 2003 by Markku Salo.


The Bulgarian state railways steam engine no. 479 stands inside Sofia's railway station as a monument together with one old coach. They have a gauge width of 60 cm. The locomotive was built by Henschel and Son in Germany in 1918. Picture from Sofia in 2003 by Markku Salo.
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