Hungary - electric locomotives and multiple units

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Hungarian state railways MAV (Magyar Államvasutak)

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The finest locomotive of Hungarian state railways MAV, this is Siemens' 2nd generation Taurus, Hungarian class 470, which is more or less identical with the Austrian second generation Taurus locomotives of the class Br 1116. Picture at Komárom station 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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A EuroCity international express train from Budapest to Austria with a leading Hungarian class 470 Taurus locomotive is approaching here the station of Komárom. Picture 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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Same train as in the two pictures above. Note the three (!) express train conductor/cargo coaches at the end of the train. Picture by the Komárom station 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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MAV-START locomotive of the Hungarian class 630.0 driving past Komárom station. This class of locomotives was formerly known as the class V63 "Gigant". It is a six axle Co´Co´machine, built in 1981 in 56 copies. Top speed is 140 km/h and the power rating is by today's standards a fairly modest 3600 kW. These are universal locomotives, intended as well for freight trains as for passenger traffic. They are now split between MAV-START (passenger services) and MAV-TR (cargo services). From the locomotive there exists also a faster version, called class 630.1 with a top speed of 160 km/h. Picture by the Komárom station 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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Another view of the same class 630.0 locomotive passing Komárom station. In the background an approaching FLIRT electric multiple unit train. Picture by the Komárom station 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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A regional Budapest-Komárom train consisting of two four coaches long Swiss made Stadler FLIRT units of class 5341 is approaching Komárom station as the class 630.0 electric locomotive shown in the pictures above is continuing further away towards the east. Picture by the Komárom station 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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Two Stadler FLIRT units waiting for their next departure back towards Budapest. Picture from Komárom station 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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One of the most common locomotive types in today's Hungary is the TRAXX family of the Canadian company Bombardier. This is a second generation Bombardier TRAXX, Hungarian class 480. The regional train it is here pulling from the west to the Komárom station is also interesting: it is a combination of two regional trains. Half of the coaches are MAV's own and half are yellow and green coaches of Gysev Raaberbahn. Picture from Komárom station 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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Gysev, also known as Raaberbahn, is an interesting company. It has its own rail networks both in Hungary as well as also in Austria and even throughout the communist iron curtain times it managed to keep its own train traffic ongoing deeply into Austria, although its Hungarian ownership was "socialised" and taken to the state. During communist times it used similar trains bought in similar ways like the state railways MAV and used them even across the border, but nowadays it is once again an important player in regional passenger traffic both on the Hungarian as well as on the Austrian side of the border. The name Gysev is a shorthand of Győr–Sopron–Ebenfurti Vasút or the railroad of Györ, Sopron and Ebenfurt. In Austrian German it is called Raaberbahn or Raab-Ödenburg-Ebenfurter Eisenbahn AG. Today it's a company with headquarters in Sopron (Ödenburg in German). In addition to passenger traffic, also Gysev Cargo is a remarkable player. Here a Gysev class 470 Taurus 2 is leading a freight train through Komárom towards the west and Austria. Picture from Komárom station 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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Another view of the Gysev class 470 Siemens Taurus 2, a machine similar to the Austrian class Br 1116. Picture from Komárom station 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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Still a third view of the same Gysev Taurus as shown above. Picture from Komárom station 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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A Gysev long distance train coming from Austria and bound for Budapest is arriving from the west to Komárom station, but now not pulled by a Gysev locomotive, but a MAV Bombardier TRAXX of class 480. In practical terms in Hungary, Gysev is in the western parts of the country just like a second state railways company. but in Austria it operates like any private operator. Picture from Komárom station 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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Coaches of Gysev's long distance train to Budapest. These coaches are of the so called "Halberstädter" type, made in the former DDR. They were very common throughout the ex communist block countries. Picture from Komárom station 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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A slow local train approaching the train stop of Zamárdi by the coastside of Lake Balaton. The locomotive is an old class 433. This type, originally called V43, was built in Hungary by Ganz-Mavag with the help of a European wide consortium including the companies Siemens, Alsthom, AEG, M.F.Oerlikon, Brown-Boveri and seven other smaller companies. The machines were built under a long time, 1963 to 1982 in 379 copies. The machine weighs 80 tons, has a maximum speed of 120 km/h and a very modest power rating of only 2200 kW. They are now rapidly being pushed aside and being replaced by Bombardier's new TRAXX locomotives shown above. Picture from Zamárdi station 1.7.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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A closer look at the same class 433 locomotive. As is evident already from its looks, the design was based on the earlier German "Universallok" series from the 1950s, especially the Br 141. Class number 433 means third production batch of V43 locomotives. This individual machine was built in 1971. Picture from the Zamárdi train stop 1.7.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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The old locomotive pulled also very old coaches which closely resemble the German so called "Silberling" coaches. Similar wagons are or were in use also in various other Eastern Block countries. They were produced in the DDR as more or less direct copies of their West German counterparts. Picture from the Zamárdi train stop 1.7.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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A similar V43 locomotive, but prom the first production batch - hence the class number 431 - is here approaching the Szantód-Köröshegy station by the train line following the south coast of Lake Balaton. Another similar train, but with a more modern TRAXX locomotive was already waiting there for the line to become free again. Picture from Szantód-Köröshegy station 1.7.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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Local train traffic in Budapest. The old locomotive on the right is a class 431 or first production batch V43. The one on the left looks like a modern electric locomotive, but it's not. It's just an old suburban traffic coach which has received a new driver's cab at one end to make it suitable for push-pull traffic. Picture from Budapest Keleti 15.1.2018 by Ilpo Ruissalo.

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Same pair of trains as in the picture above. This shows clearly how an old regional traffic coach has received a new driver's cab. Picture from Budapest Keleti 15.1.2018 by Ilpo Ruissalo.

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Another similar regional train as in the pictures above. Old coaches have been quite nicely modernised. Notice the low-floor doors at the middle of the coach.
Picture from Budapest Keleti 15.1.2018 by Ilpo Ruissalo.

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Here we have a second generation Bombardier TRAXX, Hungarian class 480,with old DDR made "Halberstädter" coaches and one express train conductor/cargo wagon. A very typical regional train in Hungary nowadays. Picture from Szantód-Köröshegy station 1.7.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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The modern TRAXX machines are actually quite nice looking... seen from close by :-) Picture from Szantód-Köröshegy station 1.7.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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Still the same train as shown above. The conductor/cargo coach on the train was apparently necessary because the train line follows Lake Balaton and the area is full of tourists with a lot of bikes that time of the year. Picture from Szantód-Köröshegy station 1.7.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

Other operators in Hungary

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One of the very first second generation Siemens Taurus locomotives, the Austrian state railways ÖBB's Taurus Br 1116 no.005 with a cargo train passing Komárom station in Hungary. ÖBB has today a very active cargo subsidiary called Rail Cargo Hungary in Hungary. The second generation Tauruses of Br 1116 were the first ones that could operate both on the Austrian/Swiss/German 15 kV AC as well as the 25 kV 50Hz AC used in Hungary. They cross the border often. Picture from Komárom station 30.6.2015 by Ilkka Siissalo.

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The BHÉV, Budapest suburban railway system (Hu.: Budapesti Helyiérdekű Vasút), so called HÉV trains is a suburban railway system around the suburbs of Budapest, consisting of five lines, H5 to H9. This is one of the old HÉV trains, no. 854 at Boráros Ter (Boráros square), which is the end station of line H7. H7 is a seven kilometre line from Boráros Ter to Csepel. Picture 15.1.2018 by Ilpo Ruissalo.

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Some a bit more modern BHÉV trains of the H7 line, these are series 900 trains or type MXA trains built in the former DDR in East Germany. The old train on the right is a Type LVII "Tiger". Public domain picture of Wikimedia user drhlajos 24.5.2008 from the train garages at Csepel.

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One of the 900 series DDR built trains of BHÉV, the no. 986.
Picture from Gödöllö 2.4.2018 by Markku Salo.

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Inside view of the same train as above.
Picture from Gödöllö 2.4.2018 by Markku Salo.

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A nice picture of the so called MIXa train no.854 of the HÉV service. These trains were built 1963 to 1966 for operations with 1000 V DC current. They are used on the BHEV line H7.
Picture from Gödöllö 29.3.2017 by Nemcsik Zoltán. Published under the creative commons license.

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